Master Athletes

At Phase IV the master athlete is appreciated for their need to stay active. We share the passion to perform and compete and stay in control of your physical capabilities. We also appreciate your desire to take advantage of the freedoms that come late in life with financial security, but are too often robbed by a decline in health.

By now you have learned working smarter not harder is the key to success in your career and life. The same holds true for fitness.

At Phase IV, Master Athletes performance programs are constructed utilizing the latest scientific research on age and performance, and are matched with a staff with 25 years of experience treating the older athlete.

Understanding the changes in physiology as you age is the first step in maximizing your performance, while avoiding the pitfalls of injury and overtraining. As new cell growth slows with age, so does regeneration of tissues damaged from training. As tendon elasticity declines and muscle mass tends to diminish so can performance. The Phase IV approach takes these scientific facts into consideration to create safe, effective and sustainable training programs.

If you are new to training and competing, or perhaps re-visiting your old sport for renewed benefits, or if you have been at it for a while and find yourself in a new age group, Phase IV will design an actionable exercise and diet program to meet your specific needs.

With Exercise – 65 is the New 40

How old are you? Chronologically? Functionally? If you exercise regularly for strength, flexibility, and aerobic conditioning you can function physically as well at 65 as sedentary forty-year-olds, or better!

With age, maximum heart rate diminishes by 40 beats per minute from ages 20 to 60, however, how you perform within this parameter is determined by your exercise habits.

For instance, while VO2 Max (a measure of the maximum amount of oxygen your body can utilize to make energy while performing work) decreases steadily each decade of life, for those who exercise regularly, VO2 max can remain consistently higher than those who do not train. Also, vascularization can be as high in older athletes as in younger ones of equivalent performance. Muscle strength, reaction times and bone density deterioration can all be somewhat reversed with exercise as you age. Regular exercise may even enhance some immune responses and keep you from getting sick.

In fact 20%-40% of the physiological decline seen with age is not inevitable, but actually a result of the detraining effect that accompanies a sedentary lifestyle. Indeed, a 70-year-old weight lifter is stronger than the average 30-year-old, while the seventy-year-old ballet dancer is more flexible than the average young adult. The marathoner in their seventies will beat the majority of sedentary 30-year-olds in a foot race.

The benefits of exercise on the ageing population are not just from the neck down. Research has shown the human brain loses tissue from the age of thirty onward, and with this comes a decline in intellectual performance. However, studies now substantiate regular aerobic exercise protects the brain from this deterioration. Especially in daily functioning aerobic exercise, serving to protect the brain from this decline which is associated with schizophrenia and Alzheimer’s disease.

In terms of disease risk factors, cardiovascular disease risks normally increase between the ages of 50 and 70. Yet, a 20-year longitudinal study of a group of 21 athletes ranging from 60-to-92 showed with regular exercise – body fat, cholesterol levels and blood pressure remained exactly the same. Clearly, staying active means staying young in how you function.